There are two main types of scooter brake, the pivot brake and the flex brake:
The pivot brake comes as standard on many entry level scooters such as the JD Bug Pro Street and Razor Ultra Low Pro. This style of brake is great for entry level scooters but is more prone to damage and failure if used in a freestyle environment. They are designed to pivot around an axle and when not in use held away from wheel with a spring. Due to the design of the brake they often suffer from spring fade which stops the brake releasing itself fully from the rear wheel.
The second style of scooter brake is the Flex brake, this can be found on scooters such as the Madd Gear VX2 Team and the Grit Elite. Flex brakes are essentially made of one piece of metal that is bolted to the back of the scooter just in front of the rear wheel. These use the natural flex of a stiff piece of metal to add spring to the brake allowing it to be released from contact with the rear wheel.
Both of these styles of brake are very effective in slowing and stopping your scooter, but the flex brake is often favoured for its simplicity and light weight.
One factor you need to consider when using your brake is to try not to lock the rear wheel as this can cause uneven wear resulting in a wobbly ride. But here at Route One we recommend that if you need to brake suddenly in any emergency situation you should always apply the necessary force to do so. First and foremost your safety when riding your scooter is paramount.
Currently there are several different fittings for scooter brakes on the market. Here is a diagram to show you which brakes fit which scooters: